3Os ecosystem framework

Layer 2 drives innovation through open contribution in each specific domain (OS IE; OH IE; OS IE).  In these three open innovation ecosystems, the key elements are cooperation, knowledge, and resources sharing.  For all these ecosystems, relations focus on innovation and open contribution.

At this level, shared resources and knowledge are domain specific, meaning that the different economic and non-economic actors interact around a common vision about the evolution of knowledge in the specific domain of action. It is important to underline that in the OH IEs, players identified as crucial sources of innovation not only economic and non-economic actors specialised in the specific domain, but also economic players specialised in the fields of both OD and OSS.